bgp.h 24.5 KB
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/*
 *	BIRD -- The Border Gateway Protocol
 *
 *	(c) 2000 Martin Mares <mj@ucw.cz>
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 *	(c) 2008--2016 Ondrej Zajicek <santiago@crfreenet.org>
 *	(c) 2008--2016 CZ.NIC z.s.p.o.
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 *
 *	Can be freely distributed and used under the terms of the GNU GPL.
 */

#ifndef _BIRD_BGP_H_
#define _BIRD_BGP_H_

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#include <stdint.h>
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#include <setjmp.h>
#include "nest/bird.h"
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#include "nest/route.h"
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#include "nest/bfd.h"
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//#include "lib/lists.h"
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#include "lib/hash.h"
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#include "lib/socket.h"
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struct linpool;
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struct eattr;
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/* Address families */

#define BGP_AFI_IPV4		1
#define BGP_AFI_IPV6		2

#define BGP_SAFI_UNICAST	1
#define BGP_SAFI_MULTICAST	2
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#define BGP_SAFI_MPLS		4
#define BGP_SAFI_MPLS_VPN	128
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#define BGP_SAFI_VPN_MULTICAST	129
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#define BGP_SAFI_FLOW		133
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/* Internal AF codes */

#define BGP_AF(A, B)		(((u32)(A) << 16) | (u32)(B))
#define BGP_AFI(A)		((u32)(A) >> 16)
#define BGP_SAFI(A)		((u32)(A) & 0xFFFF)

#define BGP_AF_IPV4		BGP_AF( BGP_AFI_IPV4, BGP_SAFI_UNICAST )
#define BGP_AF_IPV6		BGP_AF( BGP_AFI_IPV6, BGP_SAFI_UNICAST )
#define BGP_AF_IPV4_MC		BGP_AF( BGP_AFI_IPV4, BGP_SAFI_MULTICAST )
#define BGP_AF_IPV6_MC		BGP_AF( BGP_AFI_IPV6, BGP_SAFI_MULTICAST )
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#define BGP_AF_IPV4_MPLS	BGP_AF( BGP_AFI_IPV4, BGP_SAFI_MPLS )
#define BGP_AF_IPV6_MPLS	BGP_AF( BGP_AFI_IPV6, BGP_SAFI_MPLS )
#define BGP_AF_VPN4_MPLS	BGP_AF( BGP_AFI_IPV4, BGP_SAFI_MPLS_VPN )
#define BGP_AF_VPN6_MPLS	BGP_AF( BGP_AFI_IPV6, BGP_SAFI_MPLS_VPN )
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#define BGP_AF_VPN4_MC		BGP_AF( BGP_AFI_IPV4, BGP_SAFI_VPN_MULTICAST )
#define BGP_AF_VPN6_MC		BGP_AF( BGP_AFI_IPV6, BGP_SAFI_VPN_MULTICAST )
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#define BGP_AF_FLOW4		BGP_AF( BGP_AFI_IPV4, BGP_SAFI_FLOW )
#define BGP_AF_FLOW6		BGP_AF( BGP_AFI_IPV6, BGP_SAFI_FLOW )
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struct bgp_write_state;
struct bgp_parse_state;
struct bgp_export_state;
struct bgp_bucket;

struct bgp_af_desc {
  u32 afi;
  u32 net;
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  u8 mpls;
  u8 no_igp;
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  const char *name;
  uint (*encode_nlri)(struct bgp_write_state *s, struct bgp_bucket *buck, byte *buf, uint size);
  void (*decode_nlri)(struct bgp_parse_state *s, byte *pos, uint len, rta *a);
  void (*update_next_hop)(struct bgp_export_state *s, eattr *nh, ea_list **to);
  uint (*encode_next_hop)(struct bgp_write_state *s, eattr *nh, byte *buf, uint size);
  void (*decode_next_hop)(struct bgp_parse_state *s, byte *pos, uint len, rta *a);
};


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struct bgp_config {
  struct proto_config c;
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  u32 local_as, remote_as;
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  ip_addr local_ip;			/* Source address to use */
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  ip_addr remote_ip;
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  struct iface *iface;			/* Interface for link-local addresses */
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  u16 local_port;			/* Local listening port */
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  u16 remote_port; 			/* Neighbor destination port */
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  int multihop;				/* Number of hops if multihop */
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  int strict_bind;			/* Bind listening socket to local address */
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  int ttl_security;			/* Enable TTL security [RFC 5082] */
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  int compare_path_lengths;		/* Use path lengths when selecting best route */
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  int med_metric;			/* Compare MULTI_EXIT_DISC even between routes from differen ASes */
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  int igp_metric;			/* Use IGP metrics when selecting best route */
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  int prefer_older;			/* Prefer older routes according to RFC 5004 */
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  int deterministic_med;		/* Use more complicated algo to have strict RFC 4271 MED comparison */
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  u32 default_local_pref;		/* Default value for LOCAL_PREF attribute */
  u32 default_med;			/* Default value for MULTI_EXIT_DISC attribute */
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  int capabilities;			/* Enable capability handshake [RFC 5492] */
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  int enable_refresh;			/* Enable local support for route refresh [RFC 2918] */
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  int enable_as4;			/* Enable local support for 4B AS numbers [RFC 6793] */
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  int enable_extended_messages;		/* Enable local support for extended messages [draft] */
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  u32 rr_cluster_id;			/* Route reflector cluster ID, if different from local ID */
  int rr_client;			/* Whether neighbor is RR client of me */
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  int rs_client;			/* Whether neighbor is RS client of me */
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  u32 confederation;			/* Confederation ID, or zero if confeds not active */
  int confederation_member;		/* Whether neighbor AS is member of our confederation */
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  int passive;				/* Do not initiate outgoing connection */
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  int interpret_communities;		/* Hardwired handling of well-known communities */
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  int allow_local_as;			/* Allow that number of local ASNs in incoming AS_PATHs */
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  int allow_local_pref;			/* Allow LOCAL_PREF in EBGP sessions */
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  int gr_mode;				/* Graceful restart mode (BGP_GR_*) */
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  int llgr_mode;			/* Long-lived graceful restart mode (BGP_LLGR_*) */
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  int setkey;				/* Set MD5 password to system SA/SP database */
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  /* Times below are in seconds */
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  unsigned gr_time;			/* Graceful restart timeout */
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  unsigned llgr_time;			/* Long-lived graceful restart stale time */
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  unsigned connect_delay_time;		/* Minimum delay between connect attempts */
  unsigned connect_retry_time;		/* Timeout for connect attempts */
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  unsigned hold_time, initial_hold_time;
  unsigned keepalive_time;
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  unsigned error_amnesia_time;		/* Errors are forgotten after */
  unsigned error_delay_time_min;	/* Time to wait after an error is detected */
  unsigned error_delay_time_max;
  unsigned disable_after_error;		/* Disable the protocol when error is detected */
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  u32 disable_after_cease;		/* Disable it when cease is received, bitfield */
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  char *password;			/* Password used for MD5 authentication */
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  int check_link;			/* Use iface link state for liveness detection */
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  int bfd;				/* Use BFD for liveness detection */
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};

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struct bgp_channel_config {
  struct channel_config c;

  u32 afi;
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  const struct bgp_af_desc *desc;
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  ip_addr next_hop_addr;		/* Local address for NEXT_HOP attribute */
  u8 next_hop_self;			/* Always set next hop to local IP address */
  u8 next_hop_keep;			/* Do not touch next hop attribute */
  u8 missing_lladdr;			/* What we will do when we don' know link-local addr, see MLL_* */
  u8 gw_mode;				/* How we compute route gateway from next_hop attr, see GW_* */
  u8 secondary;				/* Accept also non-best routes (i.e. RA_ACCEPTED) */
  u8 gr_able;				/* Allow full graceful restart for the channel */
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  u8 llgr_able;				/* Allow full long-lived GR for the channel */
  uint llgr_time;			/* Long-lived graceful restart stale time */
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  u8 ext_next_hop;			/* Allow both IPv4 and IPv6 next hops */
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  u8 add_path;				/* Use ADD-PATH extension [RFC 7911] */

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  uint rest[0];				/* Remaining items are reconfigured separately */
  struct rtable_config *igp_table_ip4;	/* Table for recursive IPv4 next hop lookups */
  struct rtable_config *igp_table_ip6;	/* Table for recursive IPv6 next hop lookups */
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};

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#define MLL_SELF 1
#define MLL_DROP 2
#define MLL_IGNORE 3

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#define GW_DIRECT 1
#define GW_RECURSIVE 2

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#define BGP_ADD_PATH_RX		1
#define BGP_ADD_PATH_TX		2
#define BGP_ADD_PATH_FULL	3
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#define BGP_GR_ABLE		1
#define BGP_GR_AWARE		2
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/* For GR capability common flags */
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#define BGP_GRF_RESTART 0x80

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/* For GR capability per-AF flags */
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#define BGP_GRF_FORWARDING 0x80

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#define BGP_LLGR_ABLE		1
#define BGP_LLGR_AWARE		2

#define BGP_LLGRF_FORWARDING 0x80

#define BGP_GRS_NONE		0	/* No GR  */
#define BGP_GRS_ACTIVE		1	/* Graceful restart per RFC 4724 */
#define BGP_GRS_LLGR		2	/* Long-lived GR phase (stale timer active) */

#define BGP_BFD_GRACEFUL	2	/* BFD down triggers graceful restart */

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struct bgp_af_caps {
  u32 afi;
  u8 ready;				/* Multiprotocol capability, RFC 4760 */
  u8 gr_able;				/* Graceful restart support, RFC 4724 */
  u8 gr_af_flags;			/* Graceful restart per-AF flags */
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  u8 llgr_able;				/* Long-lived GR, RFC draft */
  u32 llgr_time;			/* Long-lived GR stale time */
  u8 llgr_flags;			/* Long-lived GR per-AF flags */
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  u8 ext_next_hop;			/* Extended IPv6 next hop,   RFC 5549 */
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  u8 add_path;				/* Multiple paths support,   RFC 7911 */
};

struct bgp_caps {
  u32 as4_number;			/* Announced ASN */

  u8 as4_support;			/* Four-octet AS capability, RFC 6793 */
  u8 ext_messages;			/* Extended message length,  RFC draft */
  u8 route_refresh;			/* Route refresh capability, RFC 2918 */
  u8 enhanced_refresh;			/* Enhanced route refresh,   RFC 7313 */

  u8 gr_aware;				/* Graceful restart capability, RFC 4724 */
  u8 gr_flags;				/* Graceful restart flags */
  u16 gr_time;				/* Graceful restart time in seconds */

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  u8 llgr_aware;			/* Long-lived GR capability, RFC draft */

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  u16 af_count;				/* Number of af_data items */

  struct bgp_af_caps af_data[0];	/* Per-AF capability data */
};

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#define WALK_AF_CAPS(caps,ac) \
  for (ac = caps->af_data; ac < &caps->af_data[caps->af_count]; ac++)


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struct bgp_socket {
  node n;				/* Node in global bgp_sockets */
  sock *sk;				/* Real listening socket */
  u32 uc;				/* Use count */
};

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struct bgp_conn {
  struct bgp_proto *bgp;
  struct birdsock *sk;
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  u8 state;				/* State of connection state machine */
  u8 as4_session;			/* Session uses 4B AS numbers in AS_PATH (both sides support it) */
  u8 ext_messages;			/* Session uses extended message length */

  struct bgp_caps *local_caps;
  struct bgp_caps *remote_caps;
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  timer *connect_timer;
  timer *hold_timer;
  timer *keepalive_timer;
  event *tx_ev;
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  u32 packets_to_send;			/* Bitmap of packet types to be sent */
  u32 channels_to_send;			/* Bitmap of channels with packets to be sent */
  u8 last_channel;			/* Channel used last time for TX */
  u8 last_channel_count;		/* Number of times the last channel was used in succession */
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  int notify_code, notify_subcode, notify_size;
  byte *notify_data;
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  uint hold_time, keepalive_time;	/* Times calculated from my and neighbor's requirements */
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};

struct bgp_proto {
  struct proto p;
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  struct bgp_config *cf;		/* Shortcut to BGP configuration */
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  u32 local_as, remote_as;
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  u32 public_as;			/* Externally visible ASN (local_as or confederation id) */
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  u32 local_id;				/* BGP identifier of this router */
  u32 remote_id;			/* BGP identifier of the neighbor */
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  u32 rr_cluster_id;			/* Route reflector cluster ID */
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  int start_state;			/* Substates that partitions BS_START */
  u8 is_internal;			/* Internal BGP session (local_as == remote_as) */
  u8 is_interior;			/* Internal or intra-confederation BGP session */
  u8 as4_session;			/* Session uses 4B AS numbers in AS_PATH (both sides support it) */
  u8 rr_client;				/* Whether neighbor is RR client of me */
  u8 rs_client;				/* Whether neighbor is RS client of me */
  u8 route_refresh;			/* Route refresh allowed to send [RFC 2918] */
  u8 enhanced_refresh;			/* Enhanced refresh is negotiated [RFC 7313] */
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  u8 gr_ready;				/* Neighbor could do graceful restart */
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  u8 llgr_ready;			/* Neighbor could do Long-lived GR, implies gr_ready */
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  u8 gr_active_num;			/* Neighbor is doing GR, number of active channels */
  u8 channel_count;			/* Number of active channels */
  u32 *afi_map;				/* Map channel index -> AFI */
  struct bgp_channel **channel_map;	/* Map channel index -> channel */
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  struct bgp_conn *conn;		/* Connection we have established */
  struct bgp_conn outgoing_conn;	/* Outgoing connection we're working with */
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  struct bgp_conn incoming_conn;	/* Incoming connection we have neither accepted nor rejected yet */
  struct object_lock *lock;		/* Lock for neighbor connection */
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  struct neighbor *neigh;		/* Neighbor entry corresponding to remote ip, NULL if multihop */
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  struct bgp_socket *sock;		/* Shared listening socket */
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  struct bfd_request *bfd_req;		/* BFD request, if BFD is used */
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  ip_addr source_addr;			/* Local address used as an advertised next hop */
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  ip_addr link_addr;			/* Link-local version of source_addr */
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  event *event;				/* Event for respawning and shutting process */
  timer *startup_timer;			/* Timer used to delay protocol startup due to previous errors (startup_delay) */
  timer *gr_timer;			/* Timer waiting for reestablishment after graceful restart */
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  uint startup_delay;			/* Delay (in seconds) of protocol startup due to previous errors */
  btime last_proto_error;		/* Time of last error that leads to protocol stop */
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  u8 last_error_class; 			/* Error class of last error */
  u32 last_error_code;			/* Error code of last error. BGP protocol errors
					   are encoded as (bgp_err_code << 16 | bgp_err_subcode) */
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};

struct bgp_channel {
  struct channel c;

  /* Rest are BGP specific data */
  struct bgp_channel_config *cf;
  pool *pool; /* XXXX */

  u32 afi;
  u32 index;
  const struct bgp_af_desc *desc;

  HASH(struct bgp_bucket) bucket_hash;	/* Hash table of route buckets */
  struct bgp_bucket *withdraw_bucket;	/* Withdrawn routes */
  list bucket_queue;			/* Queue of buckets to send (struct bgp_bucket) */

  HASH(struct bgp_prefix) prefix_hash;	/* Prefixes to be sent */
  slab *prefix_slab;			/* Slab holding prefix nodes */

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  rtable *igp_table_ip4;		/* Table for recursive IPv4 next hop lookups */
  rtable *igp_table_ip6;		/* Table for recursive IPv6 next hop lookups */
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  ip_addr next_hop_addr;		/* Local address for NEXT_HOP attribute */
  ip_addr link_addr;			/* Link-local version of next_hop_addr */

  u32 packets_to_send;			/* Bitmap of packet types to be sent */

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  u8 ext_next_hop;			/* Session allows both IPv4 and IPv6 next hops */

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  u8 gr_ready;				/* Neighbor could do GR on this AF */
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  u8 gr_active;				/* Neighbor is doing GR (BGP_GRS_*) */
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  timer *stale_timer;			/* Long-lived stale timer for LLGR */
  u32 stale_time;			/* Stored LLGR stale time from last session */
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  u8 add_path_rx;			/* Session expects receive of ADD-PATH extended NLRI */
  u8 add_path_tx;			/* Session expects transmit of ADD-PATH extended NLRI */

  u8 feed_state;			/* Feed state (TX) for EoR, RR packets, see BFS_* */
  u8 load_state;			/* Load state (RX) for EoR, RR packets, see BFS_* */
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};

struct bgp_prefix {
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  node buck_node;			/* Node in per-bucket list */
  struct bgp_prefix *next;		/* Node in prefix hash table */
  u32 hash;
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  u32 path_id;
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  net_addr net[0];
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};

struct bgp_bucket {
  node send_node;			/* Node in send queue */
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  struct bgp_bucket *next;		/* Node in bucket hash table */
  list prefixes;			/* Prefixes in this bucket (struct bgp_prefix) */
  u32 hash;				/* Hash over extended attributes */
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  ea_list eattrs[0];			/* Per-bucket extended attributes */
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};

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struct bgp_export_state {
  struct bgp_proto *proto;
  struct bgp_channel *channel;
  struct linpool *pool;

  struct bgp_proto *src;
  rte *route;
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  int mpls;
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  u32 attrs_seen[1];
  uint err_withdraw;
};

struct bgp_write_state {
  struct bgp_proto *proto;
  struct bgp_channel *channel;
  struct linpool *pool;

  int as4_session;
  int add_path;
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  int mpls;
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  eattr *mp_next_hop;
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  adata *mpls_labels;
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};

struct bgp_parse_state {
  struct bgp_proto *proto;
  struct bgp_channel *channel;
  struct linpool *pool;

  int as4_session;
  int add_path;
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  int mpls;
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  u32 attrs_seen[256/32];

  u32 mp_reach_af;
  u32 mp_unreach_af;

  uint attr_len;
  uint ip_reach_len;
  uint ip_unreach_len;
  uint ip_next_hop_len;
  uint mp_reach_len;
  uint mp_unreach_len;
  uint mp_next_hop_len;

  byte *attrs;
  byte *ip_reach_nlri;
  byte *ip_unreach_nlri;
  byte *ip_next_hop_data;
  byte *mp_reach_nlri;
  byte *mp_unreach_nlri;
  byte *mp_next_hop_data;

  uint err_withdraw;
  uint err_subcode;
  jmp_buf err_jmpbuf;

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  struct hostentry *hostentry;
  adata *mpls_labels;

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  /* Cached state for bgp_rte_update() */
  u32 last_id;
  struct rte_src *last_src;
  rta *cached_rta;
};

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#define BGP_PORT		179
#define BGP_VERSION		4
#define BGP_HEADER_LENGTH	19
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#define BGP_MAX_MESSAGE_LENGTH	4096
#define BGP_MAX_EXT_MSG_LENGTH	65535
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#define BGP_RX_BUFFER_SIZE	4096
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#define BGP_TX_BUFFER_SIZE	4096
#define BGP_RX_BUFFER_EXT_SIZE	65535
#define BGP_TX_BUFFER_EXT_SIZE	65535

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static inline int bgp_channel_is_ipv4(struct bgp_channel *c)
{ return BGP_AFI(c->afi) == BGP_AFI_IPV4; }

static inline int bgp_channel_is_ipv6(struct bgp_channel *c)
{ return BGP_AFI(c->afi) == BGP_AFI_IPV6; }

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static inline int bgp_cc_is_ipv4(struct bgp_channel_config *c)
{ return BGP_AFI(c->afi) == BGP_AFI_IPV4; }

static inline int bgp_cc_is_ipv6(struct bgp_channel_config *c)
{ return BGP_AFI(c->afi) == BGP_AFI_IPV6; }

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static inline uint bgp_max_packet_length(struct bgp_conn *conn)
{ return conn->ext_messages ? BGP_MAX_EXT_MSG_LENGTH : BGP_MAX_MESSAGE_LENGTH; }

static inline void
bgp_parse_error(struct bgp_parse_state *s, uint subcode)
{
  s->err_subcode = subcode;
  longjmp(s->err_jmpbuf, 1);
}
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extern struct linpool *bgp_linpool;
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extern struct linpool *bgp_linpool2;
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void bgp_start_timer(timer *t, uint value);
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void bgp_check_config(struct bgp_config *c);
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void bgp_error(struct bgp_conn *c, unsigned code, unsigned subcode, byte *data, int len);
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void bgp_close_conn(struct bgp_conn *c);
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void bgp_update_startup_delay(struct bgp_proto *p);
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void bgp_conn_enter_openconfirm_state(struct bgp_conn *conn);
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void bgp_conn_enter_established_state(struct bgp_conn *conn);
void bgp_conn_enter_close_state(struct bgp_conn *conn);
void bgp_conn_enter_idle_state(struct bgp_conn *conn);
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void bgp_handle_graceful_restart(struct bgp_proto *p);
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void bgp_graceful_restart_done(struct bgp_channel *c);
void bgp_refresh_begin(struct bgp_channel *c);
void bgp_refresh_end(struct bgp_channel *c);
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void bgp_store_error(struct bgp_proto *p, struct bgp_conn *c, u8 class, u32 code);
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void bgp_stop(struct bgp_proto *p, uint subcode, byte *data, uint len);
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struct rte_source *bgp_find_source(struct bgp_proto *p, u32 path_id);
struct rte_source *bgp_get_source(struct bgp_proto *p, u32 path_id);

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#ifdef LOCAL_DEBUG
#define BGP_FORCE_DEBUG 1
#else
#define BGP_FORCE_DEBUG 0
#endif
#define BGP_TRACE(flags, msg, args...) do { if ((p->p.debug & flags) || BGP_FORCE_DEBUG) \
	log(L_TRACE "%s: " msg, p->p.name , ## args ); } while(0)

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#define BGP_TRACE_RL(rl, flags, msg, args...) do { if ((p->p.debug & flags) || BGP_FORCE_DEBUG) \
	log_rl(rl, L_TRACE "%s: " msg, p->p.name , ## args ); } while(0)


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/* attrs.c */

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static inline eattr *
bgp_find_attr(ea_list *attrs, uint code)
{
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  return ea_find(attrs, EA_CODE(PROTOCOL_BGP, code));
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}

eattr *
bgp_set_attr(ea_list **attrs, struct linpool *pool, uint code, uint flags, uintptr_t val);

static inline void
bgp_set_attr_u32(ea_list **to, struct linpool *pool, uint code, uint flags, u32 val)
{ bgp_set_attr(to, pool, code, flags, (uintptr_t) val); }

static inline void
bgp_set_attr_ptr(ea_list **to, struct linpool *pool, uint code, uint flags, struct adata *val)
{ bgp_set_attr(to, pool, code, flags, (uintptr_t) val); }

static inline void
bgp_set_attr_data(ea_list **to, struct linpool *pool, uint code, uint flags, void *data, uint len)
{
  struct adata *a = lp_alloc_adata(pool, len);
  memcpy(a->data, data, len);
  bgp_set_attr(to, pool, code, flags, (uintptr_t) a);
}

static inline void
bgp_unset_attr(ea_list **to, struct linpool *pool, uint code)
{ eattr *e = bgp_set_attr(to, pool, code, 0, 0); e->type = EAF_TYPE_UNDEF; }


int bgp_encode_attrs(struct bgp_write_state *s, ea_list *attrs, byte *buf, byte *end);
ea_list * bgp_decode_attrs(struct bgp_parse_state *s, byte *data, uint len);

void bgp_init_bucket_table(struct bgp_channel *c);
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void bgp_free_bucket_table(struct bgp_channel *c);
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void bgp_free_bucket(struct bgp_channel *c, struct bgp_bucket *b);
void bgp_defer_bucket(struct bgp_channel *c, struct bgp_bucket *b);
void bgp_withdraw_bucket(struct bgp_channel *c, struct bgp_bucket *b);

void bgp_init_prefix_table(struct bgp_channel *c);
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void bgp_free_prefix_table(struct bgp_channel *c);
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void bgp_free_prefix(struct bgp_channel *c, struct bgp_prefix *bp);

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int bgp_rte_better(struct rte *, struct rte *);
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int bgp_rte_mergable(rte *pri, rte *sec);
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int bgp_rte_recalculate(rtable *table, net *net, rte *new, rte *old, rte *old_best);
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struct rte *bgp_rte_modify_stale(struct rte *r, struct linpool *pool);
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void bgp_rt_notify(struct proto *P, struct channel *C, net *n, rte *new, rte *old);
int bgp_import_control(struct proto *, struct rte **, struct linpool *);
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int bgp_get_attr(struct eattr *e, byte *buf, int buflen);
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void bgp_get_route_info(struct rte *, byte *buf);
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/* packets.c */

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void mrt_dump_bgp_state_change(struct bgp_conn *conn, unsigned old, unsigned new);
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const struct bgp_af_desc *bgp_get_af_desc(u32 afi);
const struct bgp_af_caps *bgp_find_af_caps(struct bgp_caps *caps, u32 afi);
void bgp_schedule_packet(struct bgp_conn *conn, struct bgp_channel *c, int type);
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void bgp_kick_tx(void *vconn);
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void bgp_tx(struct birdsock *sk);
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int bgp_rx(struct birdsock *sk, uint size);
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const char * bgp_error_dsc(unsigned code, unsigned subcode);
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void bgp_log_error(struct bgp_proto *p, u8 class, char *msg, unsigned code, unsigned subcode, byte *data, unsigned len);
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void bgp_update_next_hop(struct bgp_export_state *s, eattr *a, ea_list **to);


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/* Packet types */

#define PKT_OPEN		0x01
#define PKT_UPDATE		0x02
#define PKT_NOTIFICATION	0x03
#define PKT_KEEPALIVE		0x04
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#define PKT_ROUTE_REFRESH	0x05	/* [RFC2918] */
#define PKT_BEGIN_REFRESH	0x1e	/* Dummy type for BoRR packet [RFC7313] */
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#define PKT_SCHEDULE_CLOSE	0x1f	/* Used internally to schedule socket close */
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/* Attributes */

#define BAF_OPTIONAL		0x80
#define BAF_TRANSITIVE		0x40
#define BAF_PARTIAL		0x20
#define BAF_EXT_LEN		0x10

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#define BA_ORIGIN		0x01	/* RFC 4271 */		/* WM */
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#define BA_AS_PATH		0x02				/* WM */
#define BA_NEXT_HOP		0x03				/* WM */
#define BA_MULTI_EXIT_DISC	0x04				/* ON */
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#define BA_LOCAL_PREF		0x05				/* WD */
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#define BA_ATOMIC_AGGR		0x06				/* WD */
#define BA_AGGREGATOR		0x07				/* OT */
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#define BA_COMMUNITY		0x08	/* RFC 1997 */		/* OT */
#define BA_ORIGINATOR_ID	0x09	/* RFC 4456 */		/* ON */
#define BA_CLUSTER_LIST		0x0a	/* RFC 4456 */		/* ON */
#define BA_MP_REACH_NLRI	0x0e	/* RFC 4760 */
#define BA_MP_UNREACH_NLRI	0x0f	/* RFC 4760 */
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#define BA_EXT_COMMUNITY	0x10	/* RFC 4360 */
#define BA_AS4_PATH             0x11	/* RFC 6793 */
#define BA_AS4_AGGREGATOR       0x12	/* RFC 6793 */
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#define BA_LARGE_COMMUNITY	0x20	/* RFC 8092 */
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/* Bird's private internal BGP attributes */
#define BA_MPLS_LABEL_STACK	0xfe	/* MPLS label stack transfer attribute */

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/* BGP connection states */
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#define BS_IDLE			0
#define BS_CONNECT		1	/* Attempting to connect */
#define BS_ACTIVE		2	/* Waiting for connection retry & listening */
#define BS_OPENSENT		3
#define BS_OPENCONFIRM		4
#define BS_ESTABLISHED		5
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#define BS_CLOSE		6	/* Used during transition to BS_IDLE */

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#define BS_MAX			7

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/* BGP start states
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 *
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 * Used in PS_START for fine-grained specification of starting state.
 *
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 * When BGP protocol is started by core, it goes to BSS_PREPARE. When BGP
 * protocol done what is neccessary to start itself (like acquiring the lock),
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 * it goes to BSS_CONNECT.
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 */

#define BSS_PREPARE		0	/* Used before ordinary BGP started, i. e. waiting for lock */
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#define BSS_DELAY		1	/* Startup delay due to previous errors */
#define BSS_CONNECT		2	/* Ordinary BGP connecting */
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/* BGP feed states (TX)
 *
 * RFC 4724 specifies that an initial feed should end with End-of-RIB mark.
 *
 * RFC 7313 specifies that a route refresh should be demarcated by BoRR and EoRR packets.
 *
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 * These states (stored in c->feed_state) are used to keep track of these
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 * requirements. When such feed is started, BFS_LOADING / BFS_REFRESHING is
 * set. When it ended, BFS_LOADED / BFS_REFRESHED is set to schedule End-of-RIB
 * or EoRR packet. When the packet is sent, the state returned to BFS_NONE.
 *
 * Note that when a non-demarcated feed (e.g. plain RFC 4271 initial load
 * without End-of-RIB or plain RFC 2918 route refresh without BoRR/EoRR
 * demarcation) is active, BFS_NONE is set.
 *
 * BFS_NONE, BFS_LOADING and BFS_REFRESHING are also used as load states (RX)
 * with correspondent semantics (-, expecting End-of-RIB, expecting EoRR).
 */

#define BFS_NONE		0	/* No feed or original non-demarcated feed */
#define BFS_LOADING		1	/* Initial feed active, End-of-RIB planned */
#define BFS_LOADED		2	/* Loading done, End-of-RIB marker scheduled */
#define BFS_REFRESHING		3	/* Route refresh (introduced by BoRR) active */
#define BFS_REFRESHED		4	/* Refresh done, EoRR packet scheduled */


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/* Error classes */

#define BE_NONE			0
#define BE_MISC			1	/* Miscellaneous error */
#define BE_SOCKET		2	/* Socket error */
#define BE_BGP_RX		3	/* BGP protocol error notification received */
#define BE_BGP_TX		4	/* BGP protocol error notification sent */
#define BE_AUTO_DOWN		5	/* Automatic shutdown */
#define BE_MAN_DOWN		6	/* Manual shutdown */

/* Misc error codes */

#define BEM_NEIGHBOR_LOST	1
#define BEM_INVALID_NEXT_HOP	2
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#define BEM_INVALID_MD5		3	/* MD5 authentication kernel request failed (possibly not supported) */
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#define BEM_NO_SOCKET		4
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#define BEM_LINK_DOWN		5
#define BEM_BFD_DOWN		6
#define BEM_GRACEFUL_RESTART	7
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/* Automatic shutdown error codes */

#define BEA_ROUTE_LIMIT_EXCEEDED 1
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/* Well-known communities */

#define BGP_COMM_NO_EXPORT		0xffffff01	/* Don't export outside local AS / confed. */
#define BGP_COMM_NO_ADVERTISE		0xffffff02	/* Don't export at all */
#define BGP_COMM_NO_EXPORT_SUBCONFED	0xffffff03	/* NO_EXPORT even in local confederation */

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#define BGP_COMM_LLGR_STALE		0xffff0006	/* Route is stale according to LLGR */
#define BGP_COMM_NO_LLGR		0xffff0007	/* Do not treat the route according to LLGR */

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/* Origins */

#define ORIGIN_IGP		0
#define ORIGIN_EGP		1
#define ORIGIN_INCOMPLETE	2

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#endif